Factors that affect skin

Factors that affect skin

The health of your skin depends on many factors. Some of these factors can be controlled while others cannot.

Natural ageing

Throughout life, natural changes occur in the body’s chemistry which affect the function and appearance of the skin.

  • Child
    Skin is soft and unblemished.
  • Adolescent
    Shifting hormonal levels, increases in oil gland production, and genetic predispositions make skin especially susceptible to blemishes.
  • Adult
    Oil glands become less active so skin becomes drier and less susceptible to blemishes. The skin loses elasticity, resulting in fine lines and wrinkles.
  • Post-menopause
    Shifts in hormonal levels, diminished regeneration of skin cells, and reduced production of collagen protein cause skin to become dry and fragile, with much greater likelihood to sag and wrinkle.
  • Sun
    Possibly the most damaging of environmental factors is the sun. The sun’s rays stimulate the skin’s production of vitamin D, provide a feeling of warmth and wellbeing and a deceptively healthy-looking glow. However, over the years continued exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays dries out, damages, and ages skin.
  • Humidity
    Low humidity robs the skin of essential moisture. High humidity can cause sweat glands to work overtime, making skin feel oily. Even though skin may feel oilier in hot and humid weather, it still needs moisturising to guard against the drying effects of the sun. It is also essential to keep skin clean by washing often and well.
  • Temperature extremes
    Cold temperatures combined with low humidity increase moisture loss to the skin, leaving it tight and dry. Hot temperatures with low humidity also remove moisture from the surface, literally “baking” the skin.
  • Wind
    Strong wind, especially combined with extreme temperatures and low humidity, can cause dry and flaky skin. Also, wind-born dust and dirt strike the skin and stick to the surface, clogging pores and choking the skin.
  • Pollution
    Smog and other air pollutants stick to the skin, clogging pores.

Factors that affect skin Controllable factors

  • Exercise
    Regular exercise helps revive circulation and speed blood to the surface of your skin to regenerate it. Exercise will also help alleviate the negative effects of stress
  • Nutrition
    Food provides vitamins and minerals the body needs to function. There is a direct correlation between healthy skin and good nutrition. It is extremely important to eat a balanced and healthy diet.
  • Water
    Water provides fluid for the body to flush impurities from the system. Drinking 6–8 glasses of water a day helps improve circulation and speed cell growth.
  • Sleep
    Sleep is the most simple and basic remedy for the skin. During sleep, skin renews itself by building new skin cells. Getting the proper amount of sleep is essential for healthy skin. Seven to eight hours of sleep a night is recommended.
  • Stress
    Stress can have drastic effects on the skin, sometimes causing blemishes, hives, loss of colour, and circles under the eyes.  Habitually tense facial expressions can permanently line your skin. Practice relaxing your facial muscles in order to avoid frowning or furrowing your brow when under stress.
  • Toxic substances
    These are the most easily controlled factors affecting your skin.
  • Smoking constricts facial capillaries, allowing less blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the surface of the skin, thereby making it look older. Smoking also wrinkles the skin around the mouth and eyes.
  • Alcohol and caffeine are diuretics that can force moisture out of your system.
  • Medication can sometimes adversely affect your skin and make it more sensitive.